Wheat Farming in South Africa

Wheat Farming in South Africa

South Africa wheat farming forms an essential field of activity and over the years South Africa has remained a major exporter of wheat. The soil moisture as well as rainfall matters the most in determining wheat farming.

Wheat farming in South Africa however is on the decline over the past few years.

Wheat farming is said to be one of the most essential activities in South Africa. Maize is considered to be the most important crop along with sugarcane and wheat cultivation which is being followed on a massive scale. The Free State Western Cape is known to be the largest producer of wheat.

Wheat production in South Africa

The winter cereals comprises of the wheat, barley and oats. Wheat after maize forms the most important crop and is basically considered to be the staple food of the people of South Africa. Beyond doubt, South Africa is said to be one of the major exporters of wheat to other countries owing to the large production in the country. It is corrected by one of our reader bellow that SA is not among the the top exporters of wheat, it is also confirmed from the WIKI. South Africa imports about 1000 MT wheat every year.

In the North West Province, agriculture forms the second most essential economic activity. The main areas of South Africa which are engaged in agriculture include the Crocodile, Vaal. The Hart rivers’ area too is actively engaged in farming. A number of irrigation schemes are also being followed in the country.

As much as 40,000-50,000 hectares of land is being planted with wheat in the North West Province of South Africa which indeed can be called as one of the largest areas.

The other producing areas of wheat in South Africa include the Free State, Northern Cape, Mpumalanga where too wheat is being produced though in varying quantities. The soil moisture along with rainfall matters the most in determining as to which area is the best for wheat farming.

Decline in Wheat Production

Over the past few years wheat production is said to have declined in South Africa this has been due to a large number of factors. This has been a cause of trouble amongst the African farmers, as it forms the major source of income for them.

Farmers are finding it difficult now to get adequate funding as well as farm credit for the wheat production which is leaving them in lurch especially in Zimbabwe where wheat production has fallen too low.

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masindi says:

i actually have a question, " how can farmers optimize yield using different levels of N,P,and K"

Phendukani Hlatshwayo says:

Farmers can optimise yield with NPK and probably other 14 nutrients by fertilizing according to soil and crop requirements. This can be easily obtained by amongst other methods taking the soil samples for analysis for NPK and other important parameters like pH, soil acidity etc. Soils are analysed by most universities and government departments eg Cedara Research Station in KZN. The results will ensure that you put fertilizer (NPK) needed or correct acidity or pH before fertilizing. Moreover get hold of your local extension officer or any agriculturalist will be able to help you. Remember farming should combine science, economics, optimal resource utilization.

masindi says:

thanx a lot

Tankiso says:

Goodday! can you tell any dealer or supplier whom I may get a good atificial wheat seed in Ladybrand. I am a new producers of wheat, so how much quantity of wheat can I expect over four (4) hactares.

zanele says:

What is the total hectare of wheat in South Africa FROM 2005-2010?

Jean says:

I am looking wheat grain. I would really appreciate if you could send me the contact details of anyone in South Africa who supplies wheat grain.

nikita jubane says:

Am looking for the following information.
1. Approximate number of wheat farms in south africa
2. Average farm size
3. 5 self-sufficient wheat farms/% professional (%export -% local)

Magnus says:

How can I get hold of wheat, barley, oats farmers in or close to Mpumalanga

Jeremy martin says:

How can I get hold of wheat farms in the swartland area close to cape town ...to do my practicals. regards

sophia Manamathela says:

sir i'm one of the student in Elsenburg college, i am in my last year in this college i have to do my practicals for a full year so i can get my diploma certificate. i hope your assistance through my situation can change my life. My main subjects are Grains, Vegetables, Sheep, and Cattles.

Chris says:

I am looking into hibtrate wheat production in South Africa. May it be for irrigated or dry land production. What kind of ground do I need, keep the weeds down and what is the yield per ha and all that follows. And lastly. What varieties is recommended. Regards Chris

nqaba says:

i wish to know how plant breeding has attempted to minimize or to solve the problems caused by wheat pathogens, may i be referred to a literature or an article. this is for my research. Regards nqaba

Timothy says:

I heard the price of wheat grain is $480 a metric ton. What's the current price of grain?

aya says:

i want to knw how does climate influence crop growth, adaption, distribution and producion?

Teboho says:

Hi, i would like to get information on the following practices on wheat farms: residue management, common tillage practice and common cropping system.

Asive harris Mfaise says:

i would like to know the factors that influence cultivation of plants in South Africa, anyone can help this is for my research. your contribution will be highly appreciated.

Bongani Sibanyoni says:

i want to plant wheat as a winter crop in the area of Barberton i have 200 ha of land

Bronwyn Jones says:

I am based on the West Rand in Gauteng. I am looking for a wheaten bran supplier. My initial volume is a tonne a month and by the end of the year, I hope to require 3 tonnes per month. Can you help me with some names of farmers I can speak to directly?

Nico Hawkins says:

I am a staff member of South African Grain Information Services and like to draw your attention to a number of mistakes in this article. The Western Cape is the largest producer of wheat in the South Africa and not the Free State. South Africa is also a net importer of wheat and imports 40% of local consumption and can not be seen as a major exporter of wheat to other countries.

sarah says:

hi i live in cape town and am wanting to buy about 200 kg of wheat, where is the best place for me to go?!

Stephan says:

Good Day, We are looking for a supplier that can supply us around 6 tonnes per month on Wheat Germ. Your help will be highly appreciated

mosa motaung says:

hi i am starting a bakery i want to produce my own flour want to have contact of people who will supply me with a good and fresh wheat contact me on the email above


We have started exporting wheat grain to South Africa and i use to frequent visit to johanessburg , durban and cape town to book orders. My next visit is after holy month abt 20th August. MY cell number is 0746154982 ( will power on from 21st Aug) meantime, my friend/representative can coordinate , Name Mr Ali 0746804794 he reside in durban. my name is Haji gul from karachi. you can please mail me directly, i will call you and furnish full details about how to do all

sifiso says:

SAB announced that they need 180000 tone of wheat from previous disadvantages entrepreneurs starting on 2015 now I looking for 100 ha of wheat farm for sale at north west, mpumalanga ,free state . how many tones of wheat for 100 ha

Phiwe says:


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